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What is the international worth of music copyright? This intriguing query was addressed by Music Business enterprise Worldwide for calendar years 2014, 2015 and 2016 and we can now reveal the grand total, the important elements and important modifications for 2017.

MBW sat down with the author of these figures, Will Web page, Chief Economist at Spotify (pictured), to get the lowdown on what occurred in 2017 and let our readers contemplate what this may well imply for 2018 provided final week’s publication of the IFPI’s Worldwide Music Report.

Above all, what was currently a huge quantity has develop into even larger: in 2017, the international worth of music copyright elevated by $2bn to attain $28bn development of 7.six%.

Exactly where did this development come from?

The chart under shows that even though all elements of income grew, it was the record labels, with 9.% development, that for the very first time outpaced other rightsholders (publishers and songwriter Collective Management Organisations (CMOs)).



Historically, Page’s numbers have confirmed that ‘a increasing tide lifts all boats’ – considering that the income of labels, CMOs and publishers grew at about the identical price from quite unique baselines.

The most current figures are quite encouraging for CMOs and publishers, (development of four% and six% respectively, broadly related to what was reported in 2016), and of course for the labels (9.% development) – reporting their third consecutive year of development, and a recovery that continues to accelerate right after fifteen years of decline.

Offered that labels saw their company halved amongst 2002 and 2014, even though CMOs regularly distributed record-breaking revenues to their publishers and songwriters, 1 could argue that the labels are now clawing back the revenues lost more than that decade of disruption.

Labels’ share of the international worth of music copyright has elevated from 57% to 59% – but without the need of decreasing the absolute worth paid to other rightsholders.



This exercising but once more offers the business the important genuine and authoritative figures it requires to frame its message to the wider planet the methodology guarantees that all of music copyright’s worth is identified, captured and appropriately allocated.

Under, MBW checks in with Will Web page to comprehend a lot more about this perform, how to interpret it and what it suggests for all of music’s rightsholders.


MBW: Can you clarify what’s involved in obtaining to this figure?

The swift answer is that we take 3 effectively recognized pieces of the copyright jigsaw – recorded music, CMOs and direct publishing – add their revenues collectively, and then strip out all the double counting to get to that $28bn figure.

Of course, there’s a lot more to it than that. You have to get all the revenues into the identical continuous currency, account for initiatives like Pan European Licensing and adjust for ‘pass by means of,’ exactly where 1 celebration passes revenues on to an additional. There are other twists and turns, and I’m indebted to analysts like Media Insights Consulting, MIDIA and Music & Copyright along with quite a few business authorities for assisting me join all the dots.


MBW: What caveats exist with this form of evaluation?

Measuring the music company is under no circumstances straight forward, but the primary hurdle is striving for a constant time period for every element. For instance, money that was paid into 1 portion of the puzzle for the duration of a calendar year may well have reached an additional portion in a unique year.

Similarly, we can only appear at a year-on-year snapshot mainly because the evaluation made final year in MBW was set at 2016 continuous currency prices. Ultimately, to reiterate the current observations produced about the US and Germany in the most current  IFPI Worldwide Music Report, we will need to aspect in how 1-off payments can arguably distort a trend.


MBW: 1 of the important takeaways from final week’s IFPI report is that the music business is ultimately producing a lot more than it was in 2007, a time when CDs and downloads dominated the image. What can labels, publishers and CMOs find out from this perform as customers have shifted from ownership to access so drastically?

For me, the turning point is 2012 that is when revenues from ownership – be it CDs or downloads – reached their combined peak in markets like the UK and US. In the UK, exactly where ownership nevertheless tends to make up close to 40% of the company, you have observed label revenues develop by about 20% considering that 2012.

Back then, the UK songwriter CMO, PRS for Music, was reporting digital collections of about £50m, now they’re passing the £120m mark. In the US, ownership now tends to make up a lot significantly less – closer to 20% of the company – and the market place has grown by 40%. That is twice that of the UK.

Ownership has shed half its worth considering that 2012, whereas streaming (or access) has grown by 5 instances the quantity. Similarly, US publishers and Performing Ideal Organisations (PROs) have observed revenues generated by the access model in 2018 virtually double what ownership made in 2012. An intuitive conclusion is that the significantly less reliant a area is on ownership, the significantly less of a drag on the recovery.


MBW: Primarily based on your evaluation of 2017, combined with what we discovered final week, how need to the business believe about its personal outlook?

The worth of this perform is to show that music copyright is a lot larger than we generally describe. There are labels – whose revenues will all also generally dominate the debate – but there are publishers and CMO’s whose function in the business is also generally overlooked. The added worth this time round is the development price. In 2015 we calculated development of $1bn, that ramped up to $1.5bn in 2016 and now we’re reflecting at $2bn for 2017. Larger numbers, quicker prices. Music Business enterprise Worldwide